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Veterinary Neurology Learning Center

Atlantoaxial Luxation

Atlantoaxial luxation typically affects young, small breed dogs such as the Yorkshire Terrier, Toy Poodle, and Chihuahua but any breed or age can be affected. […]

Brain Tumors In Dogs And Cats

Brain tumors are a relatively common neurological problem in dogs and cats and typically affect older pets. Certain breeds are over-represented including the Boxer, Golden Retriever, and Boston Terrier. […]

Cervical Disc Disease

Cervical intervertebral disc disease may cause a range of clinical signs including pain. Signs of neck pain in dogs include: walking slowly, holding their head low, spasms of the neck muscles […]

Chiari-Like Malformation

Canine Chiari-like Malformation (CM) and Syringomyelia (SM) — What are they? CM is a quite common condition found in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, Brussels Griffons, and a variety of other […]


Discospondylitis refers to infection of the intervertebral disc and the adjacent vertebral endplates. “Disco" refers to the intervertebral disc (or spacing cushion between bones of the spine) […]


Encephalitis, meningitis and granulomatous meningoencephalitis (GME) all refer to inflammation of the nervous system. Encephalitis means ‘inflammation of the brain’ […]

Fibrocartilaginous Embolism

Fibrocartilaginous embolism is a relatively common cause of walking difficulties in dogs. Fibrocartilaginous embolism (FCE) can affect any breed of dog, however, large breed dogs are[…]

Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD)

Intervertebral disc disease (IVDD) in dogs is a common cause of back pain, rear limb paralysis, and inability to walk or feel the back legs. Certain breeds including the Dachshund, Shih Tzu, […]

 Seizures in Dogs

Seizures are the most common neurological condition in dogs. A seizure is the clinical manifestation of excessive and hypersynchronous electrical activity in the cerebral cortex […]

Strokes in Dogs

Stroke is a term that describes a loss of blood flow to an area of the brain, causing neuronal cell damage. It is a relatively common occurrence in small animals, that is becoming far more widely […]

Vestibular Disease

The vestibular system is the part of the body responsible for maintaining balance. Vestibular disease means a problem with the balance system. Balance problems in dogs are relatively common. […]