Skip to content

Learning Center

Learning Center: Woman Using Computer

Atlantoaxial Luxation

Atlantoaxial luxation typically affects young, small breed dogs such as the Yorkshire Terrier, Toy Poodle, and Chihuahua but any breed or age can be affected. […]

Brain Tumors In Dogs And Cats

Brain tumors are a relatively common neurological problem in dogs and cats and typically affect older pets. Certain breeds are over-represented including the Boxer, Golden Retriever, and Boston Terrier. […]

Cervical Disk Disease

Cervical intervertebral disk disease may cause a range of clinical signs including pain. Signs of neck pain in dogs include: walking slowly, holding their head low, spasms of the neck muscles […]

Chiari-Like Malformation

Canine Chiari-like Malformation (CM) and Syringomyelia (SM) — What are they? CM is a quite common condition found in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, Brussels Griffons, and a variety of other […]


Diskospondylitis refers to infection of the intervertebral disk and the adjacent vertebral endplates. “Disko" refers to the intervertebral disk (or spacing cushion between bones of the spine) […]


Encephalitis, meningitis and granulomatous meningoencephalitis (GME) all refer to inflammation of the nervous system. Encephalitis means ‘inflammation of the brain’ […]

Fibrocartilaginous Embolism

Fibrocartilaginous embolism is a relatively common cause of walking difficulties in dogs. Fibrocartilaginous embolism (FCE) can affect any breed of dog, however, large breed dogs are[…]

Intervertebral Disk Disease (IVDD)

Intervertebral disk disease (IVDD) in dogs is a common cause of back pain, rear limb paralysis, and inability to walk or feel the back legs. Certain breeds including the Dachshund, Shih Tzu, […]

 Seizures in Dogs

Seizures are the most common neurological condition in dogs. A seizure is the clinical manifestation of excessive and hypersynchronous electrical activity in the cerebral cortex […]

Strokes in Dogs

Stroke is a term that describes a loss of blood flow to an area of the brain, causing neuronal cell damage. It is a relatively common occurrence in small animals, that is becoming far more widely […]

Vestibular Disease

The vestibular system is the part of the body responsible for maintaining balance. Vestibular disease means a problem with the balance system. Balance problems in dogs are relatively common. […]

Font Resize